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---- Monday - September 1, 2014 - 12:30:39 PM - Navajo Nation Time ----

San Francisco Peak
(Dook’o’oslííd)
(Sacred Name: Diichilí Dzil - Abalone Shell Mountain)

San Francisco Peak is located immediately north of Flagstaff, Arizona, and is the Navajo's Sacred Mountain of the West. Navajos believe that San Francisco Peak marks the tribe's rightful western boundary of the Navajo Nation. The 3 main peaks making up San Francisco Peak are Humphrey Peak (11,940 feet), Agassiz Peak (12,300 feet), and Fremont Peak (11,940 feet).

The name San Francisco was probably applied by Father Marcos de Niza in 1539. In 1776, Father Garces called them the "Sierra Napoc", and they are shown as "Sierra Sinagua" by Fanforan and Quesada in 1598.

Navajo mythology tells that San Francisco Peak was adorned with Diichilí, Abalone Shell, Black Clouds, Male Rain, and all animals, beside being the home of Haashch’éélt’i’í (Talking God), Naada’algaii ‘Ashkii (White Corn Boy), and Naadá ‘Altsoii ‘At’ééd (Yellow Corn Girl).

The peaks are noted for their variety of vegetation. One passes through flora characteristic of arid zones to the meager herbage of Arctic regions. The peaks are a favored place for the collection of herbs and medicine, and only Navajos bound to obtain medicine dare ascent them.

The Hopis and Havasupai people also consider San Francisco Peaks as sacred. To the Hopis, the peaks are the mythological home of the Kachina People and are looked upon with awe and reverence. The Hopis call San Francisco Peak, Navatekiaoui (Place of Snow on the Very Top). The northwestern slopes were formerly Havasupai habitat. The Havasupai call San Francisco Peak, Hvehasahpatch (Big Rock Mountain).

By Harrison Lapahie Jr.
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