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Din4 D0onee (Navajo Clans)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
  
1.   Introduction
2.   List of Diné Clan Names
3.   Origin of the Diné Clans
4.   Diné Clanship System
5.   Lessons from the Clan Stories of the Origin of the Diné Clans
6.   Footnotes

1. Introduction

When a Navajo baby is born, he or she belongs to the clan of the mother. The clan name passes on through her to her children. When a young man marries, it must be to someone completely outside of his clan. This way, the blood would be strong and produce healthy offsprings. Even though people in his clan are not all blood-related, it is considered inappropriate to marry within one's own clan. This rule is strictly observed. Should it occur, it would be considered as "incest" to the Navajo people.

An important Navajo custom is to introduce one's maternal and paternal clans on both sides of his family when meeting another Navajo or introducing yourself to the Navajo public for the first time. In the Navajo way, this is how Navajos know where you came from. Navajo children are "born to" the mother's clan and take her clan name, and are "born for" the father's clan. Therefore, Navajos precisely know who they are through identification by their mother's, father's, maternal grandfather's and paternal grandfather's clans. For example, Harrison Lapahie Jr.'s Navajo lineage is "Bitahnii T1chiinii", with the mother's clan listed first. Bitahnii (Folded Arms People) from his mother's (Lillie Todychini) side, born for the T1chiinii (Red Running into the Water Clan) from his father's (Harrison Lapahie) side. The T0d7ch7inii (Bitter Water Clan) are his maternal grandfather, and the Taneeszahnii (The Badlands People) are his paternal grandfather's clan from their moms. In Navajo (Din4), this is how it is said:

Y11t44h shikis!  Harrison Lapahie (Jr.) yinishy4.  Bitahnii nish[9, T1chiinii b1sh7shch7n7.  T0d7ch7inii dash7chei d00 Taneeszahnii dash7n1[7.
 
Hello my friend!   My name is Harrison Lapahie (Jr.).   I am of The Folder Arms People Clan, born for The Red-Running-Into-Water Clan.   The Bitter Water Clan are my maternal grandfather's clan and The Badlands People are my paternal grandfather's clan.
 
OR
 
Hello my friend!   My name is Harrison Lapahie (Jr.).   I am Bitahnii, born for T1chiinii.   My cheii is T0d7ch7inii and my n1l7 is Taneeszahnii.

Haashd0one6 N7l7?   –   What is Your Clan?

In the Navajo way, two Navajos of the same clan, meeting for the first time, will refer to each other as "brother" or "sister". Navajos that are cousins to each other in the American sense, think of each other as "brother" or "sister" in the Navajo sense. Father's and mother's cousins in the American way are thought of as aunts and uncles in the Navajo way. Grandparent's brothers and sisters in the American way are thought of as grandma's and grandpa's in the Navajo way. Harrison Lapahie Jr. has many brothers, sisters, Aunts, Uncles, Grandmas, and Grandpas, in the Navajo way, that are his Cousins, his father's and mother's cousins, and his grandparent's brothers and sisters in the American way.

When a Navajo is in strange surroundings, it is not uncommon for his relatives (in the Navajo way) or his clan members, to have the responsibility for his housing, food, and welfare, while this individual is in the immediate area.

A Navajo through his own clan (his mom's clan) and the clan groups to which his father as well as his spouse belong, has a great potential for personal contacts. This complex network of inter-relationships served in the past to fuse the scattered bands of Navajos and other American Indians together as a Navajo Tribe.

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2. List of Diné Clan Names

Navajo Clan
English Meaning
Atsosi Dine4 1 Feather People 46
!sh88h7 Salt People
!sh88hnii 48  (extinct) Salt People
Azeetsoh Dine4 Big Medicine People
Beiy0odz7ne Dine4 34 Paiute People
B88h Dine4 Deer People
B88h Dine4 T1chiinii Deer People of Táchiinii
B88h Bitoodnii Deer Spring Clan
B99h Y1zh7 Dine4 11 Little Deer People
B88htsoh Dine4 Big Deer People
Bitahnii Folded Arms People 3
Bit22nii 2  (extinct) Talks-In-Blanket Clan
Ch7sh7 Dine4 Chiricahua Apache Clan
Deeshchiinii Start-Of-The-Red-Streaked People
Dib4 {izhin7 Black Sheep – San Felipe Clan 50
Dichin Dine4 Hunger People
Di[z4ehi Mohave Clan
D0lii Dine4 Blue Bird People
Dzaan44z {1n7 Many Mules Clan 35
Dzi[ N1oodi[nii Turning (Encircled) Mountain People 4
Dzi[taad7 5 Near the Mountain Clan 45
Dzi[t[ahnii Mountain Cove Clan 6
Gah Dine4 T1chiinii Rabbit People of Táchiinii 7
Halgai Dine4 People of the Valley
Haltsoo7 Dine4 Meadow People
Hashk22 Hadzoh7 8 Yucca Fruit-Strung-Out-In-A-Line Clan 9
Hasht[ishnii  (Original Clan) Mud Clan
Hon1gh1ahnii  (Original Clan) One-Walks-Around Clan 10
Hooghan {1n7 Many Hogans Clan
Iich2h Dine4  (extinct) Moth People 36
Jaayaal0olii Dine4 Sticking-Up-Ears People
Kaa Dine4 Arrow People
Kaahan1anii Living Arrow Clan
Kai Ch4b1anii Line-Of-Willows-Extend-Out-Gray People
Kehaatiinii Foot-Trails People 17
Kin[ich7inii 12 Red House People – Zia Clan
Kin[itsonii Yellow House People
Kinyaa1anii 13  (Original Clan) Towering House People 51
L0kaa Dine4 Reed People
Maiit0 Coyote Spring People
M2ii Deeshgiizhinii Coyote Pass People – Jemez Clan 52
Naad33 Dine4 Corn People
Naakaii Dine4 47 Mexican Clan
Naak4t[1h7 Flat Foot People – Pima Clan
Naa[ani Dine4 Many Commanche Warriors Clan
Naaneesht4zh7 T1chiinii Charcoal-Streaked Division of Táchiinii
Naashash7 Dine4 14 Bear Enemies – Tewa Clan
Naashgal7 Dine4 Mescalero Apache Clan
Naasht4zh7 Dine4 Zuni Clan
Naay7z7 Dine4 Squash People
Naay7zi[tsooi Dine4 Pumpkin People
N1toh Dine4 Tobacco People
Nihoob1anii Gray-Streak-Ends Clan
N00dai Dine4 Ute Clan
N00da7 Dine4 T1chiinii Ute People Division of Táchiinii
S47 Bee Hooghanii 15 Sand Hogan People
Shash Dine4 Bear People
Taadiin Dine4 Corn Pollen People
T1b22h1 Water's Edge Clan 49
T1chiinii Red-Running-Into-The-Water Clan
Taneeszahnii Badlands People 16
T2zhii Dine4 Turkey People
T4eatiin Trail-To-Garden People
Tiischeb1anii Gray-Cottonwood-Extend-Out Clan
Tiizhi[izh7n7 Dine4 Black Goat People
T[11shch77 Red Bottom People 18
T[7z7 {1n7 Many Goats Clan
T[0g7 Weavers – Zia Clan 19
T0 Baazhn71zh7 Two-Came-To-Water Clan 38
T01h1n7 37 Near-To-Water Clan 20
T0aheedl7inii 21 Water-Flows-Together Clan
T01z0l7 22 Light-Water People
T0d7ch7inii  (Original Clan) Bitter Water Clan
T0d7k=zh7 Salt Water Clan 23
T0tsohnii Big Water Clan
Tsah Yiskidnii Sage Brush Hill Clan
Ts4 Deeshgizhnii Rock Gap Clan
Ts4 Nahabi[nii 24 Sleep-Rock People 39
Ts4 }j7kin7 40 Cliff Dwelling Clan 25
Ts4 T221anii Rock-Extends-Into-Water People
Ts4gh1din7d7nii Crystal Rock
Ts4ikeeh4 26 Two-Rocks-Sit Clan
Ts4yanatohnii  (extinct) Horizontal-Water-Under-Cliffs People
Ts4zhin Ndiiaa7 41 Slanted-Lava-Spire People 27
Tsin Sikaadnii 43 Clumped Tree People 29
Tsin Yee Na1lo77 Dine4 30 Tree Stretcher People 31
Tsinaajinii 42 Black-Streaked-Wood People 28
Y4ii Dine4 Giant People 32
Yoo0 Dine4 33 Bead People
Yoo0 Dine4 T0d7ch7inii 44 Bead People of Tódíchíinii

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3. Origin of the Diné Clans

Many strange things happened in the earliest days before the Navajo (Din4) became Nihook33 Dine4 (Earth Surface People). Pre-human beings (described as people animals) were moving about and upward from the First World to the Fourth World.

The earliest celestial clans were created in this period of upward movement. They were Early Dawn, Yellow Evening Twilight, Blue Twilight, and Folding Darkness. Early Dawn is clan-related to Blue Twilight. Yellow Evening Twilight is clan-related to Folding Darkness. Likewise, Mother Earth is related to parts of the day, and the four seasons are related to our earliest ideas of the yearly calendar. Rain is related to rainbow, and mountains to rain clouds. These connections go on and on. The colors of our blood, veins and bones are associated with these first early celestial clans.

Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) was created in the Fourth World, somewhere near Gobernador Knob (Ch0ol97), New Mexico. First Man (Ats4 Hastiin) and First Woman (Ats4 Asdz33) found Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) as a baby girl at Gobernador Knob (Ch0ol97) whom they named Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4). Changing Woman was then raised at Huerfano Mesa (Dzi[ N1oodi[ii) to give birth to twins, Naay44 Neizgh1n7 (Monster Slayer) and T0b1j7shch7n7 (Child Born of Water), who killed the monsters on the earth. Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) played a principal role in the making of the original Din4 clans. It is said that Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) rejuvenates herself every season and is a divine force.

The Sun (J0honaa47) then wanted Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) to come and live with him. He built a beautiful and sparkling home in the western ocean for her. It was built of rock crystals that shimmered with wonderful moving lights, beautiful clouds, and rainbows in the long waters to the West. In order that Changing Woman would not be lonely, certain invisible Air People called Ni[ch'i Dine4, decided to go with her to keep her company and to decorate her new home. She also took animals, birds, and insects. As Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) prepared to leave, she saw that the pre-human beings were filled with anger and negativity. They were constantly squabbling and complaining. As Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4 packed her belonging, she decided to take away their natural elements, such as rain, mist, and clouds; perhaps to punish them for their constant bickering. Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) then traveled to the Western Ocean to be with her husband, the Sun (J0honaa47).

Eventually, the weather turned hot and still. Droughts came and wiped out cornfields and plants. The animals moved away. The angry ones of the pre-human beings grew hungry and became frightened. They asked Hummingbird (Dahiit9hii) to find where the natural elements were. Hummingbird (Dahiit9hii) hurried away and found the missing elements at Changing Woman's (Asdz33 N1dleeh4's) home in the West.

In time, Ni[chi Dine4 (The Air People), began to miss their homelands and tried to persuade Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) to return home to the four sacred mountains. Meanwhile, twelve Diyin Dine4 (The Holy Ones), and others from the sacred mountains who greatly missed Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4), journeyed West to visit her.

These people animals (pre-human beings) lived with her in the west for some time, but later they became lonely and also frightened as they heard of people like themselves who still lived in their old homeland (Din4tah). Finally, they decided to return. Changing Woman who thought there should be more people and who wanted to help her frightened people, decided to create more of them (pre-human beings now called humans) by rubbing the skin from her breast, from her back, and from under both arms, and from the Ni[chi Dine4 (The Air People). In this way, she created the first four clans, a male and female in each clan. Changing Woman rubbed the skin from her breast and formed people who became the Kinyaa32nii 13 (Towering House Clan). From the skin rubbed from her back, the Hon1gh1ahnii (One-Walk-Around Clan 10) was formed. From the skin under her right arm, the T0d7ch7inii (Bitter Water Clan) was created, and from the skin under her left arm, the Hasht[ishnii (Mud Clan) was made. She sent these four pairs to her sacred cornfields within the boundaries of the four sacred mountains. Traveling together, their clan names became known later in their action filled journey homeward. Changing Woman (Asdz33 N1dleeh4) gave each pair a s3 gish (cane representing old age), and an animal protector. She gave them beautiful forms of transportation including, sh1nd77n (sun rays), n11ts77lid bit[00l (rainbow beams), sh1 bit[00l (sunbeam), N7[ts3 Bik2 (Male Rain), and N7[ts3 Ba11d (Female Rain).

As the years passed, most of the people of Din4tah started moving around from place to place, and other American Indian tribal bands were adopted into the Navajo tribe. When the Din4 moved back from Hw4eldi (Ft. Sumner), New Mexico, in the 1860s, some newcomers joined them on their walk back home. These people had also been imprisoned and now formed their own clans, the Ch7sh7 Dine4 (Chiricahua Apache Clan) and Naashgal7 Dine4 (Mescalero Apache Clan). It is said that these people tried, but were not accepted by many Din4. The Beiy0odz7ne 34 (Paiutes) from Naatsis11n (Navajo Mountain) were adopted but were left there because of differences over religious matters. The people (Din4) then moved down toward the south, where they left the Ch7sh7 (Chiricahua Apaches), and adopted the Mexicans (Naakaii). Then they went to the east, where the Naashgal7 (Mescalero Apaches) decided to stay. The Mescaleros now live from Albuquerque (Beeld77ldahsinil) all the way down to the home of the Naakaii (Mexicans). From there, the Din4 again moved to the vicinity of Dib4 Nitsaa (La Plata Mountains), where the Beehai (Jicarilla Apaches) eventually settled. The People remained there for seven winters. They were happy, but there was one problem. The summers were too short. Because there was not time for the squash and corn to ripen, the main group moved to Ts4 Naajiin (Cabezon Peak).

The names of more than half of the Navajo Clans suggest that they derived from the places in which the Clans originated, such as Kinyaa32nii, a Pueblo ruin in the Crownpoint area of New Mexico, or Deeschiinii, a canyon in the Cibecue area of the Western Apache country. The remainder, something less than half, claim origin from other American Indians including the Mexicans, Apaches, Utes, Commanches, and Puebloans (Zuni, Jemez, Zia, Santa Ana, and Hopi).

Now the Navajo Tribe has grown to it present system of about 90 different Navajo Clans. As of now, no official clans are represented for Anglos (Bilag1ana) or Asians (Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4), although Navajos who have one parent that is non-Navajo are still "born to" or "born for" Anglo-Americans, Asian-Americans, etc..

Recently a new term, Naahi[ii or Nahi[ii, has been created for African Americans. The word is broken down in the following way: Na (those who have come across), hi[ (dark, calmness, have overcome and persevered and we've come to like), ii (oneness). The term was researched and shared with Radmilla Cody by a Din4 educator from Shiprock, NM. The ceremony that it is used in is the Nda also known as the Enemy Way Ceremony. Radmilla Cody have shared it across Din4tah as well as to other medicine men and no one has expressed any concerns. If anything it has been well received and accepted by many. It is a term that our Apache relatives also use for African Americans. When the medicine man handed the term down to Radmilla Cody, it was with the intention to "empower" those who identify with the African American lineage versus dis-empower by using the other terms, Zhinii or Naakaii {izhinii, which is demeaning or derogatory.

In conclusion, the Navajo clans are divided into nine major clan groupings, although a few smaller groupings are also recognized.

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4. Diné Clanship System

  
CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 1
Kinyaa1anii 13 – Towering House People 51
(Original Clan)
  
  
Related Clans: 
Dzi[taad7 5     Near the Mountain Clan 45
Azeetsoh Dine4     Big Medicine People
T2zhii Dine4     Turkey People
Bitahnii     Folded Arms People 3
  
Adoped Clans: 
Halgai Dine4     People of the Valley
Naad33 Dine4     Corn People
Shash Dine4     Bear People

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 2
Hon1gh1ahnii – One-Walks-Around Clan 10
(Original Clan)
  
  
Related Clans: 
T01h1n7 37     Near-To-Water Clan 20
Taneeszahnii     Badlands People 16
Hashkaa Hadzoh7 8     Yucca Fruit-Strung-Out-In-A-Line Clan 9
Nihoob1anii     Gray-Streak-Ends Clan
Tsah Yiskidnii     Sage Brush Hill Clan
Dzi[t[ahnii     Mountain Cove Clan 6
Dzi[ N1oodi[nii     Turning (Encircled) Mountain People 4

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 3
T0d7ch7inii – Bitter Water Clan
(Original Clan)
  
  
Related Clans: 
Ts4ikeeh4 26     Two-Rocks-Sit Clan
Tsin Sikaadnii 43     Clumped Tree People 29
B88h Bitoodnii     Deer Spring Clan
T0d7k=zh7     Salt Water Clan
T[0g7     Weavers – Zia Clan 19
Yoo0 Dine4 33     Bead People
  
Adopted Clans: 
T0 Baazhn71zh7     Two-Came-To-Water Clan 38
Naak4t[1h7     Flat Foot People – Pima Clan
B99h Y1zh7 Dine4 11     Little Deer People
Kaa Dine4     Arrow People
Kaahan1anii     Living Arrow Clan
Ts4gh1din7d7nii     Crystal Rock
Yoo0 Dine4 T0d7ch7inii 44     Bead People of Tódíchíinii

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 4
Hasht[ishnii – Mud Clan
(Original Clan)
  
  
Related Clans: 
Hooghan {1n7     Many Hogans Clan
T0tsohnii     Big Water Clan
Dzaan44z {1n7     Many Mules Clan 35
L0kaa Dine4     Reed People
Bitahnii     Folded Arms People 3
Ts4 Deeshgizhnii     Rock Gap Clan

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 5
T1b22h1 – Water's Edge Clan 49
  
  
Related Clans: 
Haltsoo7 Dine4     Meadow People
T0 Baazhn71zh7     Two-Came-To-Water Clan 38

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 6
T1chiinii – Red-Running-Into-The-Water Clan
  
  
Related Clans: 
N1toh Dine4     Tobacco People
Y4ii Dine4     Giant People 32
D0lii Dine4     Blue Bird People
Naasht4zh7 Dine4     Zuni Clan
B88h Dine4 T1chiinii     Deer People of Táchiinii
Gah Dine4 T1chiinii     Rabbit People of Táchiinii 7
Naaneesht4zh7 T1chiinii     Charcoal-Streaked Division of Táchiinii
N00da7 Dine4 T1chiinii     Ute People Division of Táchiinii
  
Adopted Clans: 
Kin[ich7inii 12     Red House People – Zia Clan

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 7
Ts4 }j7kin7 40 – Cliff Dwelling Clan 25
  
  
Related Clans: 
Dib4 {izhin7     Black Sheep – San Felipe Clan 50
!sh88hnii 48  (extinct)     Salt People
M2ii Deeshgiizhinii     Coyote Pass People – Jemez Clan 52
!sh88h7     Salt People
Dzi[ N1oodi[nii     Turning (Encircled) Mountain People 4
Kin[itsonii     Yellow House People
  
Adopted Clans: 
Beiy0odz7ne Dine4 34     Paiute People
Naay7zi[tsooi Dine4     Pumpkin People
Tiizhi[izh7n7 Dine4     Black Goat People

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 8
T0aheedl7inii 21 – Water-Flows-Together Clan
  
  
Related Clans: 
Naakaii Dine447     Mexican Clan
  
Adopted Clans: 
N00dai Dine4     Ute Clan
Kehaatiinii     Foot-Trails People 17

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CLAN RELATIONSHIP GROUP 9
Tsinaajinii 42 – Black-Streaked-Wood People 28
  
  
Related Clans: 
Deeshchiinii     Start-Of-The-Red-Streaked People
Kin[ich7inii 12     Red House People – Zia Clan
T[7z7 {1n7     Many Goats Clan
T[11shch77     Red Bottom People 18
Ts4 Nahabi[nii 24     Sleep-Rock People 39
  
Adopted Clans: 
Naashash7 Dine4 14     Bear Enemies – Tewa Clan
Shash Dine4     Bear People
Tiischeb1anii     Gray-Cottonwood-Extend-Out Clan

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Other Clan Relationship Groups (CRG)
   
   
CRG 10     Atsosi Dine4 1     Feather People 46
CRG 11     B88htsoh Dine4     Big Deer People
CRG 12     Iich2h Dine4  (extinct)     Moth People 36
CRG 13     Jaayaal0olii Dine4     Sticking-Up-Ears People
CRG 14     K4haatiinii     Foot-Trails People 17
CRG 15     Naashash7 Dine4 14     Bear Enemies – Tewa Clan
CRG 16     Naashgal7 Dine4     Mescalero Apache Clan
CRG 17     Naay7z7 Dine4     Squash People
CRG 18     N00dai Dine4     Ute Clan
CRG 19     S47 Bee Hooghanii 15     Sand Hogan People
CRG 20     T01z0l7 22     Light-Water People
CRG 21     Tsin Yee Na1lo77 Dine4 30     Tree Stretcher People 31

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Other Diné Clans That Have Not Been
Adopted In A Clan Relationship Group
  
  
B88h Dine4     Deer People
Bit22nii 2  (extinct)     Talks-In-Blanket Clan
Ch7sh7 Dine4     Chiricahua Apache Clan
Di[z4ehi     Mohave Clan
Kai Dine4     Willow People
Kai Ch4b1anii     Line-Of-Willows-Extend-Out-Gray People
Maiit0     Coyote Spring People
Naa[ani Dine4     Many Commanche Warriors Clan
Ts4 T221anii     Rock-Extends-Into-Water People
T4eatiin     Trail-To-Garden People
Ts4yanatohnii  (extinct)     Horizontal-Water-Under-Cliffs People
Ts4zhin Ndiiaa7 41     Slanted-Lava-Spire People 27

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Other Native American Tribes and Non-Native Races
For Those That Marry Outside the Navajo Tribe
  
  
Haak0h     Acoma [Tribe]
T0[1n7 Biy11zh Dine4     Acomita [Tribe]
Zhinii  or  Naakaii {izhinii     African, Black [Race], Negro
Naahi[ii  or  Nahi[ii 53     African American
Bilag1ana     Anglo, White [Race]
Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4  or  N11ts0z7     Asian, Oriental, Chinese, Japanese, Korean
Zhinii  or  Naakaii {izhinii     Black [Race], African, Negro
Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4  or  N11ts0z7     Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Asian, Oriental
G00hn7inii     Havasupai [Tribe]
Naakaii Dine4     Hispanic, Mexican People
Kiis1anii     Hopi [Tribe]
Naatooh7 Dine4     Isleta [Tribe]
Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4  or  N11ts0z7     Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Asian, Oriental
K1awa     Kiowa [Tribe]
Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4  or  N11ts0z7     Korean, Japanese, Chinese, Asian, Oriental
T0[1n7 Dine4     Laguna [Tribe]
Naakaii Dine4     Mexican People, Hispanic
Zhinii  or  Naakaii {izhinii     Negro, African, Black [Race]
Bin111daa[ts0z7 Dine4  or  N11ts0z7     Oriental, Asian, Chinese, Japanese, Korean
B4yoodzin     Paiute [Tribe]
K4glizhii     Papago [Tribe]
K4t[1h7     Pima [Tribe]
Kin[igai Dine4     Sandia [Tribe]
Naa[1n7     Sioux [Tribe]
Tloh {ikizh4dine4     Tesuque [Tribe]
T0wo[nii     Toas [Tribe]
Bilag1ana     White [Race], Anglo
Dilzh77     Yavapi [Tribe]
T[0y7dine4     Zia [Tribe]

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5. Lessons from the Clan Stories of the Origin of the Diné Clans

The clan stories take us back in time to our earliest history. The clan stories tell of the Din4 (Navajo) movement upward through the other worlds, emerging at Din4tah (original homeland of the Navajos), the large area east of Blanco, New Mexico.

Stories tell of Din4 movement from and along the Pacific coast as they made their way to Din4tah. Other stories describe our migration in and around our homelands. They tell of our ancestors' keen observations of their surroundings, the geography, mountains, trees, water, and canyons. Our ancestors observed and respected the natural elements and the web of life it weaved.

Stories describe movement through time following the pathway of the Sun (J0honaa47), and always moving with reverence and respect for the sacred cardinal directions, the Four Directions.

Our ancient clan stories describe the gradual inclusion of neighboring tribes, from the Pueblos (Kiis1anii), Utes (N00da7), Paiute (B4yoodzin), Pima (K4t[1h7), Havasupai (G00hn7inii), Apaches, and the Mexicans (Naakaii). Today, the Din4 is the largest American Indian tribe on this continent.

The clan stories also teach us the strict rules about marrying close relatives. This moral code protects future generations from weakening bloodlines that may cause health problems.

There are social rules to encourage sharing and taking responsibility for one another. Thinking in the Ke way, ke nisin, relates to a life of goodwill and solidarity, kindness and helpfulness. Ke teaches us how to behave within our family and clan, and with others. We are taught to show love and respect to one another and to address each other properly.

Ke nisin is the core of Din4 traditions.

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6. Footnotes

  1. Also known as:   Ad0otsos Dine4, Ad0otsosnii.
  2. Also known as:   Bitshnii.   It might be that the Bit22nii Clan did not go into extinction but was absorbed or was also the Bitahnii Clan.   Bit22nii meaning is Talks-In-Blanket, and one of the Bitahnii translation is Within-His-Cover.   The similiarity in spelling, sound, and translation could mean that these clans were most likely very similiar or were the same clan!
  3. Also known as:   Under-His-Cover Clan, Within-His-Cover Clan, His Sheaves ... Leaf Clan.
  4. Also known as:   Mountain-Around-Which-Traveling-Was-Done People, Encircled Mountain People.
  5. Also known as:   Dzi[ Taad7, Dzi[ Taadnii, Dzi[ T[tade.
  6. Also known as:   Mountain Recess People.
  7. Also known as:   Rabbit People (Division of the Táchiinii), Rabbit Redwater People.
  8. Also known as:   Hashk22 Hadzoh0.
  9. Also known as:   Yucca Fruit Clan.
  10. Also known as:   One-Who-Walks-Around-One Clan, He-Walks-Around-One Clan.
  11. Also known as:   B88h Y11zh Dine4.
  12. Also known as:   Ki[ich7inii.
  13. Also known as:   Kiyaa1anii, Kiiyaa32nii.
  14. Also known as:   Shash Dine4, meaning Bear – Tewa Clan.
  15. Also known as:   S47 Beehooghanii.
  16. Also known as:   Rough Land Formation People, Tangle People.
  17. Also known as:   Foot Trains People.
  18. Also known as:   Red Cheek People.
  19. Also known as:   Hairy Ones.
  20. Also known as:   Near-The-Water Clan.
  21. Also known as:   T0adheedliinii, or T0adheedlinii.
  22. Also known as:   T0az0l7, Toaszoli.
  23. Also known as:   Alkaline Water Clan.
  24. Also known as:   Ts4 Nahadi[nii 19.
  25. Also known as:   Honey-Combed Rock Clan, House-Of-Dark-Cliffs Clan, Rebuilding-A-Rock-House Clan.
  26. Also known as:   Ts4ikeehe4, Ts4k4h4, Ts7keeh7.
  27. Also known as:   Trap Dike People
  28. Also known as:   Black-Streak-Wood Clan, Black-Streak-Of-Forest People.
  29. Also known as:   Clamp Tree Clan.
  30. Also known as:   Tsin Yideel[soodii, Tsin Yidee[coi.
  31. Also known as:   Carries-Things-With-Wooden-Sticks People.
  32. Also known as:   Monster People, Yei-Bi-Chei People.
  33. Also known as:   Yoo7 Dine4.
  34. Also known as:   Bay0odz7ne Dine4, Beiy0odz7n.
  35. Also known as:   Many Burros Clan.
  36. Also known as:   The People That Have Fits.
  37. Also known as:   T01han7.
  38. Also known as:   Two-Who-Came-To-Water.
  39. Also known as:   Over-Hanging Rock People.
  40. Also known as:   Ts4]j7kin7, Ts4n7j7kin7.
  41. Also known as:   Ts4zhindiiaa7.
  42. Also known as:   Tsinaaj7nii.
  43. Also known as:   Tsin S7kaadnii.
  44. Also known as:   Yoo7 Dine4 T0d7ch7inii.
  45. Also known as:   Foothill Clan.
  46. Also known as:   Narrow Gorge People.
  47. Also known as:   Naakai Dine4.
  48. With a similar explanation as with the extinction of Bit22nii, it might be that the !sh88hnii Clan did not go into extinction but was absorbed or was also the !sh88h7 Clan.   !sh88hnii meaning is Salt People, and !sh88h7 translation is also Salt People.   The similiarity in spelling, sound, and translation could mean that these clans were most likely very similiar or were the same clan!
  49. Also known as:   Edge Water Clan.
  50. Also known as:   Black Sheep Clan.
  51. Also known as:   Towering House Clan, Tall House People.
  52. Also known as:   Coyote Pass Clan.
  53. The new term to be used for African Americans. Nahi[ii or Nahi[i is broken down in the following way: Na (those who have come across), hi[ (dark, calmness, have overcome and persevered and we've come to like), ii (oneness). The term was researched and shared with Radmilla Cody by a Din4 educator from Shiprock, NM. The ceremony that it is used in is the Nda also known as the Enemy Way Ceremony. Radmilla Cody have shared it across Din4tah as well as to other medicine men and no one has expressed any concerns. If anything it has been well received and accepted by many. It is a term that our Apache relatives also use for African Americans. When the medicine man handed the term down to Radmilla Cody, it was with the intention to "empower" those who identify with the African American lineage versus dis-empower by using the other terms, Zhinii or Naakaii {izhinii ,which is demeaning or derogatory.

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