Navajo Nation Bill of Rights

Section
  1. Other rights not impaired; deletion or abridgment only by public referendum
  2. Equality of rights not abridged by entitlements, benefits or privileges; nor by affirmative action necessary to support rights of the Navajo People to economic opportunity
  3. Denial or abridgment of rights on basis of sex; equal protection and due process of Navajo Nation law
  4. Freedom of religion, speech, press, and the right of assembly and petition
  5. Searches and seizures
  6. Right to keep and bear arms
  7. Rights of accused; trial by jury; right to counsel
  8. Double jeopardy; self-incrimination; deprivation of property
  9. Cruel and unusual punishment; excessive bail and fines

 

§ 1. Other rights not impaired; deletion or abridgment only by public referendum
          The enumeration herein of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. No provision of this chapter, the Navajo Nation Bill of Rights, shall be abridged or deleted by amendment or otherwise, except by referendum vote of the Navajo electorate, in accordance with applicable provisions of the laws of the Navajo Nation.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 2. Equality of rights not abridged by entitlements, benefits or privileges; nor by affirmative action necessary to support rights of the Navajo People to economic opportunity
          Recognition, enactment, lawful implementation and enforcement of provisions for specific entitlements, benefits, and privileges based upon membership in the Navajo Nation or in other recognized Tribes of Indians and affirmative action in support of Navajo or other Indian preference in employment and business contracting or otherwise necessary to protect and support the rights of Navajo People to economic opportunity within the jurisdictiion of the Navajo Nation, shall not be abridged by any provision herein nor otherwise be denied.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 3. Denial or abridgment of rights on basic of sex; equal protection and due process of Navajo Nation law
          Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are recognized as fundamental individual rights of all human beings. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the Navajo Nation on account of sex nor shall any person within its jurisdiction be denied equal protection in accordance with the laws of the Navajo Nation, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law. Nor shall such rights be deprived by any bill of attainder or ex post facto law.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 4. Freedom of religion, speech, press, and the right of assembly and petition
          The Navajo Nation Council shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of people preaceably to assemble, and to petition the Navajo Nation government for a redress of grievances.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 5. Searches and seizures
          The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath, or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 6. Right to keep and bear arms
          The right of the people to keep and bear arms for peaceful purposes, and in a manner which does not breach or threaten the peace or unlawfully damage or destroy or otherwise infringe upon the property rights of others, shall not be infringed.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 7. Rights of accused; trial by jury; right to counsel
          In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, and shall be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; shall be confronted with the witnesses against him or her; and shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in their favor. No person accused of an offense punishable by imprisonment and no party to a civil action at law, as provided under 7 N.N.C. § 651 shall be denied the right, upon request, to a trial by jury of not less than six (6) persons; nor shall any person be denied the right to have the assistance of counsel, at their own expense, and to have defense counsel appointed in accordance with the rules of the courts of the Navajo Nation upon satisfactory proof to the court of their inability to provide for their own counsel for the defense of any punishable offense under the laws of the Navajo Nation.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 8. Double jeopardy; self-incrimination; deprivation of property
          No person shall be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of liberty, or property; nor be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against themselves; nor shall private property be taken nor its lawful private use be impaired for public or governmental purposes or use, without just compensation.
   
  ^ Back to top
   
§ 9. Cruel and unusual punishment; excessive bail and fines
          Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.
   
  ^ Back to top
   

You are visitor 13,719 to Dine_Bill_of_Rights.cfm since 08/27/01
and visitor 17,036,382 to LAPAHIE.com since 06/15/97

URL: http://www.lapahie.com /Dine_Bill_of_Rights.cfm
Creator(s): Harrison Lapahie Jr.
Dated Created: 08/27/2001
Version: 4.0
Updated: 05/20/2010
Curator(s): Harrison Lapahie Jr.
Resource(s): Navajo Nation
Questions/Comments: Harrison Lapahie Jr.

Dine_Bill_of_Rights.cfm: Copyright © 2001 - Harrison Lapahie Jr. - All Rights Reserved.