(mid 1800s)

Armijo, a headman in the Navajo War of 1863 - 1864 and a farmer, took the name of the Governor of New Mexico, Manuel Armijo, sometime before the Mexican War of 1846, when the territory was still a part of Mexico. Residing in northwestern New Mexico in the foothills of the Chuska Mountains, Armijo was a prominent farmer among the Navajo. Throughout the 1850s, Armijo was an advocate of peaceful relations between Indians and whites. However, when violence erupted in the early 1860s, he became an ardent supporter of Navajo Chief Manuelito. In April 1864, after a protracted struggle against the Anglo-American forces, he went to Fort Canby, Arizona, and surrendered. Subsequently, he was relocated with his followers and other Navajos to Fort Sumner (Bosque Redondo) in New Mexico. Armijo was a signatory of the 1868 Navajo Treaty that set up the original confines of the Navajo Reservation in his homeland, the Chuska Mountains of Arizona and New Mexico (surrounding present-day Fort Defiance, Arizona).

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Creator(s): Harrison Lapahie Jr.
Dated Created: 08/27/2001
Version: 3.0
Updated: 11/28/2009
Curator(s): Harrison Lapahie Jr.
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